Canker sores are small, painful sores that can appear on the inside of the lips, the inside of the cheeks, the tongue, the roof of the mouth, or other places in the mouth. A type of ulcer, canker sores appear as round, white lesions bordered by an area of darker red. They can range from 1 mm to larger than 1 cm across.
At Azarko Dental Group's dental clinic in Edmonton, our dentists regularly see and help patients who are dealing with canker sores. Some people are more prone to developing canker sores than others, and some get them on a regular basis. Canker sores can occur at any age.
Why Canker Sores Develop
There is no clear consensus among doctors and dentists about the conditions which cause canker sores to develop. Most Edmonton dentists are in agreement, however, that there are a number of triggers which can make canker sores more likely.
For example, canker sores seem to occur more often after a minor injury to mouth tissue caused by accidental bites, a sports accident, certain types of food, and even hard brushing. It is also suspected that, in some people, canker sores may be a reaction to the presence of Streptococcus bacteria.
Other possible risk factors for canker sores may include a sensitivity to certain foods, vitamin B-12 deficiencies, and, for women, hormonal changes around the time of menstruation. A poor immune system may also make you more susceptible to canker sores.
Finally, canker sores often develop during times of high emotional stress. This should come as no surprise, as stress makes it harder for the body to heal.
How to Avoid Canker Sores
Because there are so many possible causes of canker sores, the best way to avoid them is to pay attention to why they develop. For example, if you eat a poor diet, then you are likely lacking in several important nutrients. Or perhaps you need to stay away from certain foods and be mindful about how hard you are brushing. Find your unique triggers, and you'll have an easier time preventing canker sores.
How to Treat Canker Sores
Canker sores disappear by themselves in about 14 days, though larger ones can and do take longer. Because they can be incredibly painful, treatment for canker sores at the Edmonton dental clinic focuses on managing the discomfort.
Edmonton dentists can recommend and prescribe a variety of products to help relieve the pain of a canker sore. There are different mouth rinses, topical products, and oral medications which can reduce the inflammation and pain of a canker sore, available over-the-counter and by prescription.
When dealing with a particularly painful canker sore, it is a good idea to visit the Edmonton dental clinic of Azarko Dental Group. Our dentists can suggest or prescribe the right product to help you feel more comfortable until the canker sore goes away.
14938 Stony Plain Rd.
Edmonton, AB T5P 3X8