Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease. It occurs when too much dental plaque forms on the teeth and the gums, causing the gums to become red, inflamed, and irritated. Gingivitis is one of the top oral health conditions that the Edmonton dentists at Azarko Dental Group look out for when they perform dental health examinations. It is important that you visit your Edmonton dental clinic on a regular basis because, when left unchecked, gingivitis can progress into periodontitis and may eventually result in tooth loss.
While dental plaque is the direct cause of gingivitis, there are many factors which can lead to the overabundance of plaque bacteria in the mouth, including:
- Poor oral hygiene
Plaque has a much easier time growing and spreading if it isn't being regularly brushed and flossed away. You need to be cleaning not only the surfaces of the teeth but also between the teeth and in other hard-to-reach areas of the mouth.
A diet containing too much sugars and carbohydrates, especially when combined with poor oral hygiene, is another leading cause of gingivitis. Sugars provide the fuel that plaque bacteria needs in order to multiply and proliferate. Carbohydrates also pose a problem because they break down into sugars in the mouth.
Just like your Edmonton doctor, your Edmonton dentist will likely warn you about the dangers of smoking. Not only has smoking been identified as a strong risk factor for the development of gum disease, but it can also hinder the success of treatment.
Sometimes, certain prescription medications can make you more susceptible to developing gum disease even if you practice good oral health and don't have other risk factors. This is especially common in people taking medications which dry out the mouth and inhibit the flow of saliva.
- Hormonal changes
Gingivitis often accompanies hormonal changes in women who are pregnant or going through menopause. These hormonal changes can make the gums more inflamed, sensitive, and susceptible to plaque bacteria.
Genetics also play a role in the development of gum disease, meaning that people who have a family history of gingivitis are more likely to develop it themselves. Genetics don't mean that you absolutely will develop gingivitis, but they might make you more susceptible to the condition than someone who isn't genetically predisposed to gingivitis but has the same oral hygiene habits and risk factors.
Stop Gingivitis in Its Tracks by Visiting Your Edmonton Dentist Today
As an early form of gum disease, gingivitis can often be successfully reversed. Your best chance at stopping gingivitis in its tracks is to visit your Edmonton dental clinic at the first sign of trouble. At Azarko Dental Group, our Edmonton dentists will provide you with the necessary treatments and advice to stop gingivitis from progressing into periodontitis. All you have to do is schedule an appointment at one of our two clinics today.
14938 Stony Plain Rd.
Edmonton, AB T5P 3X8
969 James Mowatt Trail SW
Edmonton, AB T6W 1S4